12. kȟ, pȟ, tȟ (stops with guttural aspiration)

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Learn how to pronounce Lakota sounds and how to write them.

12. kȟ, pȟ, tȟ (stops with guttural aspiration)

Postby Jan » February 11th, 2009, 2:44 am

Stops with guttural aspiration (NLD p. 697 1st edn, page 751 2nd edn)

Stops with guttural aspiration are represented by two-letter symbols, or digraphs: , , . They have no English equivalent and they are best described as a merging of the stops with the consonant ȟ. The pronunciation of stops with guttural aspiration may be somewhat challenging to master in the beginning, but the fact that they do not conflict with English phonology in any way makes them easy to hear and remember for English speakers. Stops with guttural aspiration constitute 10-12% of all stops in any given Lakota speech or text.

Example words are

kȟáŋta plum
kȟolá friend

pȟahíŋ porcupine
pȟasú nose

tȟatȟáŋka buffalo bull
tȟó to be blue.
Lé Jan miyé yeló.
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Jan
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12. kȟ, pȟ, tȟ (velar aspirated stops) - listening EXERCISE

Postby Jan » February 11th, 2009, 2:46 pm

Level 2 textbook, page 60

Listen to the audio track and select kȟ, pȟ or tȟ:




1: La__óta




2: wa__óštaŋ




3: __ápa




4: čha__úŋka




5: __ó




6: __áŋta




7: __uŋkášila




8: __aŋǧí




9: __ašnáheča




10: __aspáŋ




11: __atkáša




12: __áȟča




13: siŋk__é




14: huŋyá__uŋ




15: __aló




16: __ahíŋ




17: __ašíyagnuŋpa




18: ma__á




19: __éta


Lé Jan miyé yeló.
Blihíč’iyapi na Lakȟól’iyapi kiŋ čhaŋtét’iŋsya yutáŋyaŋkel uŋspéič’ičhiya po. Héčhel uŋglúkinipi kte ló.
Jan
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