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17. čh and č

PostPosted: February 11th, 2009, 2:42 am
by Jan
Lakota čh and č (Level 2 textbook, page 15-16, NLD.1 page 699; NLD.2 page 753)

Lakota čh is aspirated and sounds like ch in chair.
Listen: : čhéǧa, čhaŋté, čhaŋwápe, čhápa, wičháša

Lakota č is un-aspirated and has no exact equivalent in English.
Listen: : íčalu, zičá, hečá, uŋčí, wíčazo

In order to master the pronunciation and hearing of č you have to learn to de-aspirate your "ch". Recall the puff of air coming upon the palm of your hand if you hold it before your mouth and say kill, pill, till. The same puff of air occurs after the English "ch" as in "chair."
With kill, pill, till we delete the puff of air by placing "s" before them: skill, spill, still.
You can de-aspirate the "ch" in "chair" by pronouncing an invented (non-existing) English word "schair":

Say: schair, schair, schair (s)chair

When you say the word for the fourth time leave out the "s" but keep the un-aspirated pronounciation of ch. That is the sound of the Lakota č.

At first Lakota un-aspirated č may sound like "j" in joke to your ear, but those two sounds are actually different.

Listen to the audio track and select čh or č:

1. __aŋpȟá chokecherry

2. __aŋkú road

3. __áŋ wood

4. wik__émna ten

5. i__ábu drum stick

6. __áŋčheǧa drum

7. uŋk__éla cactus

8. tȟáȟ__a deer

9. __uwígnaka dress

10. waȟ__á flower

11. wahá__aŋka shield

12. omní__a bean

13. wakší__a bowl

14. __éya to cry

15. uŋk__ékhiȟa magpie

16. __egnáke breechcloth

17. thiík__eya conical tent

In Lakota aspirated čh occurs much more frequently than non-aspirated č. For this reason it is logical to try and memorize the occurrence of č.

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